Hi again this is you guider Callme123
This time we gotta look on formats and sources lets get through it, and remember I would love if u did you know (this guide is made of my friend and I did translate it and point some things out and write)//took 1 hour and more to write hope u really find this useful please og make it sticky staff is welcome to edit for sticky it :D love you guys <3333
You can know much such as what is ntsc/pal, nfo, hd, sfv, TS.
A CAM is a Cinema rip, usually made with a digital camcorder. Sometimes using a tripod, but often this is not possible so the camera shakes. If the film is cropped right it's difficult to see unless there is subtitles. The sound is recorded with the camera's built-in microphone and especially comedies can often be heard laughing in the background. Due to these factors picture and sound is often very bad, but sometimes we are lucky and the cinema is almost empty, with a reasonably clear sound as a result
A Telesync has made the same way as a CAM except that used an external audio source (usually an audio jack in the seat for the hearing impaired). A direct audio source does not guarantee good sound quality as there are a lot of background noise can interfere. Often a Telesync filmed in an empty cinema or from the viewer box with a professional camera, which should give a better picture quality. Quality varies dramatically, so remember to check the sample before downloading the movie. A high percentage of TeleSyncs is CAM witch have been categorized wrong or just placed as TeleSync to get more downloaders
A telecine machine copies the film digitally from the original spools. Sound and picture should be very good, but because of the equipment needed and the costs they are rare. Normally telecine will be in the correct format, although the 4:3 telecine is seen. A good example is Jurassic Park 3 TC which was made last year. TC should not be confused with Time Code, which is a visible counter on the image throughout the film.
A pre-release VHS tape, sent to video rental shops and similar. A screen will be delivered on VHS tape and are usually in 4:3 format - full-screen image, in rare cases have been screened in letterbox format. The most hatefully thing in the screen is usually a scrolling text at the bottom of the screen with copyright message and like. While the tape may contain the serial number or other information which may point back to where it came from, they must of course be removed as is often done by covering it with a black bar when / where it occurs. Sometimes these details appear only sporadically, but other times the information is visible throughout the film. Depending on the equipment being used to quality on a screen vary greatly! By Screen quality can vary from excellent - if it is done from a master copy - to the miserable if it is done on an old VCR with a poor quality cable or a tape of poor quality. Most SCREENER will be converted to VCD, SVCD to each, of varying quality.
Same princips as a screener, but ripped from a DVD. Usually widescreen but without the extra content which would be on a DVD. Scrolling subs is unfortunately not always in the black parts of the video, and can distort the image. If the ripper knows what he is doing a DVDSCR should be of high quality. Usually ripped to SVCD or DivX / XviD.
LINE means that the sound is direct audio, which means taken from sounds in a cinema.
To make it short, it's because that R5 is rlss is Russian preDVDs, so they come out much earlier than in the western world without digital after work as a real DVD. There's just one bad thing really bad thing in these R5 rlss they are with a Russian soundtrack, as everything is synchronized in Russia. Therefore scene groups have to obtain the original soundtrack elsewhere if they mind you will release an R5.
All in all, R5 equals fantastic picture but very poor sound.
A copy of the unpublished final DVD. If possible it is released before the coming of trade (eg. Star Wars episode 2) Again, it should be excellent quality. DVDrip are released in SVCD and DivX / XviD.
Ripped from a VHS tape sales most skater / sports videos and XXX releases.
Ripped from a DVD9 movies and upscaled to HD. One must not mistake this and other HD formats.
Movies or TV series ripped from the (example). HD-DVD, Blu-Ray or a TV channel
TV shows (series, shows, documentaries etc) are either coming from the television - digitally captured (capped) from digital satellite broadcasts or from digital cable TV is set to continue - or (in America, and the like) PRE broadcasts over satellite links to transmit the program around to the various networks a few days before the actual viewing of TV. In some cases can include flickering images. Some programs - eg. Wrestling broadcasts - thousands more than usually shown on TV, Camera tests, sound tests, etc. may be included in ripped. PDTV is capped from a digital TV PCI adapters, which generally gives the best result, the groups usually releases PDTV in SVCD format, besides it TVRip released in all formats, VCD / SVCD / DivX / XviD.
A work print is a copy of the film is not yet finished. It can be missing scenes, music, and quality can range from excellent to lousy. Some WP's is very different from the final version (Men In Black is missing all the aliens and there are actors who take their places) and others can contain extra scenes (Jay and Silent Bob). WP releases may constitute a good complement to the film session if there is quality WP's.
A DivX re-enc is a film which has been taken from its original VCD source, and recoded to a small DivX file. Usually found via file sharing, they are usually named something like Film.Name.Group (1of2) etc. Among the famous groups are SMR and TND. They are not really worth downloading unless you are so unsure about a film that you only bother to download a 200MB version of it. Usually avoid them.
Many films come from Asian Silvers / PDVD (see below) and these are tagged by the people responsible. Normally with a letter / initials or a little logo, generally in a corner of the image. ø""""""Most famous is the "Z" "A" and "Globe" watermarks.
Asian Silvers / PDVD
This film is available as pirated copies (bootlegged) in Asia and they are usually bought by some groups who want to publish them as their own. Silvers are very cheap and easy to obtain in many countries and it is easy to make a release, which is why there are so many on stage at the moment, most of the smaller groups which do not last longer than a few releases. PDVD's is the same just burned to a DVD. They have subtitles which can be removed and the quality is usually better than silver. These are ripped like a normal DVD but usually released as VCD.
VCD is an MPEG1-based format with a constant bitrate of 1150kbit and a resolution of 352x240 (NTSC). VCDs are regelt used for lower quality (CAM / TS / TC / Screener (VHS) / TVrip (analogue) to make the files smaller and fit as much as possible on a CD.
SVCD is MPEG2 based format (same as DVD) which allows different bitrates up to 2500kbits, with a resolution of 480x480, which is then decompressed into a 4:3 aspect ratio when it is played. Due. the varying bitrate is the length you can put on one CD is not intended, but regelt is 35-60 minutes the most normal. To get a better SVCD should encode with variable bitrate, it is important to use "multipasses" - more throughput - it takes longer, but the result is blah. a much clearer picture.
XVCD / XSVCD
These are basically VCD / SVCD that do not comply with "rules". Both formats are able to run a much higher resolution and bitrate, but it depends entirely on the player can play it. X (S) VCD are total non-standardized and is typically used by home-rippere has no intention to release them.
DivX / XviD
DivX is a format designed for multimedia platforms. It uses two codecs, one low motion, one high motion. Most older films were encoded only in the low-motion and they also have problems with high-motion. A method known as SBC (Smart Bit-rate Control) was developed as switching between codecs at the encoding phase resulting in a much better picture format is Ana Morphic and bit rate / resolution is replaceable.
CVD is a combination of VCD and SVCD formats, and is as regelt supported by most DVD players. It supports MPEG2 bit rate, but uses a resolution of 352x480 (NTSC) because the horizontal resolution is usually less important. Currently there are no groups which release in CVD.
DVD-R is the solution to a DVD recording which seems to be the most popular (out of DVD-RAM, DVD-R and DVD R). It can contain 4.7GB data on each page and double-sided discs are on sale, so under the right conditions, these discs contain almost 10GB. SVCD MPEG2 movies to be converted before they can be burned onto DVD-R and played successfully. DVD to DVDR copies are possible, but sometimes the extra / language removed so that it can be within the 4.7GB
MiniDVD / cDVD is the same format as DVD but on a standard CDR / CDRW. Due. the high resolution / bitrate is only possible to make room for approx. 18-21 minutes per recording. disk and the format is only compatible with few players.
Blu-Ray / HD-DVD
HD movies in 1080p in Blu-Ray or HD-DVD format. Little ala DVD, higher resolution and bitrate.
H.264 / X.264
Newer format that takes up less than DivX / XviD and (mostly) is better quality. Most movies are 720p HD encoder in X.264, and you do not see so many SD movies in the format.
This was done to discourage people from buying American DVDs and watch them earlier in other countries or for older films where distribution was handled by several companies worldwide. Many players can either be hacked with a chip or via remote control to turn the region codes from.
RCE (Regional Coding Enhancement) was designed to bypass the "Multi Region" players, but it had a lot of mistakes and was quickly passed as ordinary. region coding. Very few titles are RCE encoded now, and it was very unpopular.
Macrovision is a guard that is on most commercial DVDs. It is a system that will display lines and darken the image on which copies are made, Macrovision does this by sending the VHS signals as the video can not understand. Some DVD players (eg. Dansai 852 from Tesco) has a secret menu where you can turn Macrovision from otherwise you can buy a video stabaliser "which costs about 30UKP from Maplin (Maplin Electronics â„¢ Website- 1.5TB Seagate External Hard Drive Free Delivery)
NTSC / PAL
NTSC and PAL are the two television standards used around the globe. NTSC has a higher frame rate than PAL (29fps compared to 25fps) but PAL has a higher resolution which gives a generally sharper picture. To play NTSC discs on PAL systems seems to be much easier than the reverse, which is good news for British a SCART socket with RGB option will display an NTSC signal perfectly on most modern TV, but to record it onto a VHS tape, you have to convert it to PAL50 (not PAL60 as the majority of DVD players do.) This is done either with an expensive converter box (which costs 200 £) an onboard converter (such as a Dansai 852 / certain Daewoo / Samsung 709) or by using a video recorder that can record in any or all formats.
>>All films are in nice shape, either the v2 (rar>. Rxx) or v3 (part01.rar> partxx.rar).
BIN / CUE
By unpacking are VCD and SVCD to BIN / CUE. Front. CUE file in notepad and make sure the first line contains only a filename and not the entire path. åæThen load the cue file into Nero / CDRWin etc and it will burn VCD / SVCD'en. TVrips are released as MPEG. DivX files are just DivX -. AVI
An NFO file comes with each movie to promote the group and give general information about the release, such as. format, source, size and any other information that might seem useful. They are also used to recruit members and acquire hardware for the group.
There is often a SFV file for each disk. They are usually only used on site level to check on each file is uploaded correctly, but they are also useful for people who download to check whether they have all the files and the CRC is correct. A program like pdSFV or hkSFV is necessary to use these files.
Due. scene rules, it releases the first Telesync won the race. But if the quality of this release is fairly poor, a second group if they have a second Telesync (or the same in a better quality) add tagged plug it to prevent its being duped. PROPER is the most subjective tag in the scene and a lot of people will usually discuss on PROPER's is better than the original. Many groups releases a plug of desperation, just because they lost the race. The reason for a PROPER release should always be included in NFO'en.
In case of a VCD, if it is released SUBBED, it means usually that it has fixed subtitles. These are usually in the Malaysian / Chinese / theilandian etc., and sometimes there are 2 different languages which can absorb a good portion of the image. SVCD supports the possibility of interchangeable subtitles so that no DVDRip is released by switching the subtitles. This will be indicated in the NFO if there is one.
If a film has been previously released in a SUBBED version so there may come a UNSUBBED release.
A LIMITED film means it was not shown in many cinemas, usually less than 250 theaters, generally smaller films, it is like. movies known to have a limited audience who will be released as a Limited.
An INTERNAL release is made for several reasons. Classic DVD groups do a lot. INTERNAL. releases, as they escape being duped on it. Also cinema rips of low quality is often done INTERNAL to prevent the group's reputation is falling or because of the quantity of currants are already made. An INTERNAL release is available as normal on the group's site, but can not be passed on to other sites without a specific request from the concerned sites administrator. Some INTERNAL releases are nonetheless out of the public to the IRC / newsgroups, etc, it often depends on what it is and how popular it is. Earlier this year, referring people to Centropy was "internalized". This meant that the group only released movies for its members and site administrators, etc. This use of the word internalize had a completely different context than usual.
Straight To Video (Direct to video). Never been to the cinema and therefore there are many sites that do not allow these.
ASPECT RATIO TAGS
These are * WS * for widescreen (Letterbox) and * FS * for Fullscreen.
A recode is a previously released version, usually filtered through TMPGenc to remove subtitles, fix color etc. although these may be of better quality than the original, it is not something one cheaper since it is expected that the groups themselves provide the material they release.
If a group releases a bad rip, they will often release a Repack which will fix the problem.
A film can be Nuked for many reasons. Some sites will Nuke for breaking their rules (such as. "No TeleSyncs") but if there is something extremely wrong with a movie (no sound in 20 minutes, CD 2 does not work or is the wrong content, etc.) then come a global Nuke and people like swapping them via sites will lose their credits. Nuked films can still reach out to various networks such as p2p/usenet, but it is a good idea to start with to check why it was nuked. If a group discovers that something is wrong, then they can request that it be nuked.
Nuke reason: This is a list of the most frequent reasons for a film to be nuked (Normally DVDRip)
** BAD A / R **:: Wrong aspect ratio, people seem to be too thick / thin.
** BAD IVTC **:: Wrong inverted telecine. Framerate converteringen was wrong.
** ** Interlaced:: Black lines in motion.
Dupe is quite simple, if something exists already, then there a good reason that something should be done again.